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You Are Here : Home >> Products >> Image test chart >> Resolution Test Chart >> RESOLUTION TEST CHART

RESOLUTION TEST CHART

The test chart consists of alternating black and white bars with sharp transition (3-5 micrometers).
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Date:2017-08-22  Browse:
  • Introduction
  • Product Software

RESOLUTION TEST CHART


REFLECTANCE



The test chart consists of alternating black and white bars with sharp transition

(3-5 micrometers). The spatial variation of the density of these bars is a rectangular function

of a cyclic ratio equal to 1. Two groups of bars with video frequencies of 0.5 and 5 MHz are

distributed over the picture area whereby the 9 outer and middle positions each are essential

for the measurements (the vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes, 10% within the extremities).


The equivalences of video and spatial frequencies are:

CCD format

video frequency

cycles / mm

TVL / picture hight

2/3 inch

0.5 Mhz

5.9

39


5.0 MHz

59

390

1/2 inch


8.1

39



81.2

390

 

Measuring equipment: Video oscilloscope or preferably video oscilloscope with memory


Measuring conditions: The camera settings must be as follows


Shading correction: ON

Aperture correction: OFF

Gamma correction: OFF

Contour correction: OFF

Color correction: OFF

Iris: F/5.6 for 2/3'' CCD, F/4for 1/2'' CCD


The test chart is evenly illuminated so that for the low frequency burst at 0.5 MHz the

amplitude of the video signal at the output of the correctly positioned and focussed

camera is 0% (0V) for the black bars and 100% (700mV / 75 Ohms) for the white bars.

Care must be taken to avoid clipping of the signal to be measured at the black and

white level. Measurements can be made on the various camera output signals, but

preferably on the Y luminance signal (or coded Y with perfect B and W balance).

The measurement is made at the center of the image but also on the edges and

at the corners so that account is taken of the lateral chromatic aberrations of

the lens. The measurements give the contrast lost of the camera response at the

value of 5 MHz. The obtained response is a contrast transfer function (CTF).


The relation to calculate the MTF according to the CTF is:


MTF(N) = π/4[CTF(N) + 1/3CTF(3N) – 1/5CTF(5N) + 1/7CTF(7N)

                – 1/9CTF(9N) + 1/11CTF(11N)..]


where N is the spatial frequency of the test chart analyzed; N in TVL/H

 


 

In the - probable - case of a beat affecting camera response for a given spatial frequency,

and under certain conditions only, the measured signal reassembles an

amplitude-modulated carrier signal, as shown in the following figure:

 

The percentage of modulation is then defined by the relation:

% mod = M / X

signal

 

The interference ripple bat this frequency is given by:

p% = m / M


The results of the measurement may be presented in the form of a table representing

the various areas of the image measured.


CTF Values at 5 MHz

 

xxx %xxx %xxx %

xxx %xxx %xxx %

xxxi %xxx %xxx %